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2016

Global Manufacturing
Competitiveness Index
About this study

The 2016 Global Manufacturing Competitiveness Index (GMCI) report is the third study prepared by the Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited
(DTTL) Global Consumer & Industrial Products Industry Group and the Council on Competitiveness, with prior studies published in 2010
and 2013. This multi-year research platform is designed to help global industry executives and policy makers evaluate drivers that are key
to company and country level competitiveness as well as identify which nations are expected to offer the most competitive manufacturing
environments through the end of this decade. The 2016 study includes more than 500 survey responses from senior manufacturing
executives around the world. For more information concerning the specifics of this study and its participants, please consult the appendix.
Contents

Highlights from the 2016 Global Manufacturing Competitiveness Index 1

The impact of an evolving manufacturing landscape 3

Global Manufacturing Competitiveness Index: Country rankings 4

It is “Back to the future” at the top of the manufacturing rankings 5

Regional clusters of strength emerge 9

BRIC breaks down 13

The rise of the MITI-V (the “Mighty 5”): Searching for the next China 15

Examining the drivers of global manufacturing competitiveness 17

Spotlight: Impact of public policy on competitiveness 37

Conclusion 41

Appendix A: Supplemental country analysis of future top 10 GMCI nations 43

Appendix B: Index methodology 63

Figures and tables endnotes 71

Text endnotes 83

Acknowledgements 87
Highlights from the 2016 Global Manufacturing
Competitiveness Index

China and the United States (US) jockey for top • BRIC breaks down: Of the BRIC countries (Brazil,
honors while Germany holds firm Russia, India, and China), only China is viewed by
executives as a top 10 manufacturing nation in 2016.
• China is the most competitive manufacturing The other three BRIC nations have experienced a
nation…for now: Consistent with the previous significant decline in their rankings over the last few
2010 and 2013 Global Manufacturing Competitiveness years. Among the three, Brazil has had the steepest
Index studies, China is again ranked as the most fall, ranking 29th in 2016 compared to 8th and 5th in
competitive manufacturing nation in 2016, but 2013 and 2010, respectively. Similarly, Russia slumped
is expected to slip to second position as global further down the list to 32nd in 2016 from 28th in
executives provide their perspective on how the next 2013 and 20th in 2010. On the other hand, hope still
five years will play out (Figure 1, page 5). remains for India’s rank position to improve from
11th in 2016 to the number five spot by 2020.
• The United States is expected to take over the
number one position from China by the end of the • The rise of the “Mighty Five”: The five Asia Pacific
decade while Germany holds firm at number three: nations of Malaysia, India, Thailand, Indonesia, and
The United States continues to improve its ranking Vietnam (MITI-V aka the “Mighty Five”) are expected
from 4th in 2010 to 3rd in 2013 to 2nd in this year’s to pierce the top 15 nations on manufacturing
study. Moreover, executives expect the United States competitiveness over the next five years. These nations
to assume the top position before the end of the could represent a “New China” in terms of low cost
decade while Germany holds strong and steady at the labor, agile manufacturing capabilities, favorable
number three position now through the end of the demographic profiles, market and economi


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